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Let Briefly talk about Hypertension

High Blood pressure is determined by the force exerted by the blood on the artery walls during circulation. This force is essential for the transport of oxygen and nutrients through the blood in all parts of the body.

High Blood pressure consists of two components: systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Systolic blood pressure is the result of contractions of your heart. This is the highest figure. Diastolic blood pressure occurs when the heart relaxes and fills with blood. The higher the systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the longer it is elevated, the more it damages the blood vessel.

Classification of BP from the American Heart Association and American Association of Cardiology:

- Normal < 120/80mm Hg

- Elevated 120-129/ 80 mm Hg


Stage 1: 130-139/ 80-90mm Hg

Stage 2 >140/90 mm Hg

Hypertension crisis: >180/120


Hypertension is a generally asymptomatic cardiovascular disease, and it’s known as a “Silent Killer”. However, very high (moderate or advanced) and sustained blood pressure can lead to headaches with fatigue (often localized to the nape of the neck), dizziness, tinnitus, palpitations, nose bleeds, vision disturbances, confusion and numbness or tingling in the feet and hand.


There are two main types of hypertension: essential or primary hypertension which has no recognized cause and represents more than 90% of cases, but several factors must be considered, such as heredity, age, way of life. Secondary hypertension is caused by illnesses such as kidney disease, diabetes, cardiovascular disease.

Risk Factors:

- Excess salt intake

- Diabetes and high Cholesterol

- Sleep apnea

- Obesity

- Excess alcohol intake

- Kidney disease

- Hormonal diseases

- Smoking

Consequences of untreated high blood pressure

Over a long period of time, high blood pressure can become a factor for many diseases, including heart attacks and heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, loss of blood circulation to the brain, and aneurysms

If you do not have risks related to heredity or secondary hypertension, you can prevent hypertension by adopting good lifestyle habits and a healthy diet.

American Heart Association recommend:

- Exercise 30 minutes daily

- Control your BMI

- Maintain a heart healthy diet

- Decrease alcohol intake

- Quit smoking

- Decrease stress

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